Revision as of 04:20, 1 November 2018 by LubOlimex (talk | contribs) (Console login)

How to use Armbian images

The great Armbian documentation is available here:

Console login

Root password is 1234. It is advisable to change at some point to avoid security issues.

To change the video output type ./change_display in the home folder. Notice that if HDMI output is enabled, then LAN is also available. If you change the video output to LCD however, the LAN would be unavailable (due to multiplexing). If you have trouble with LAN make sure to set video output to HDMI and check the state of jumper PHYRST1 (in the middle of the board) - make sure that it is disconnected.

Physical serial port

You will see:

 Debian GNU/Linux 8 olimex ttyS0
 olimex login: 

Type login/password

USB serial gadget

Building u-boot

Get the latest sources:

 git clone
 cd u-boot

Build it:

 make A20-OLinuXino_defconfig
 make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf-

Updating via USB

You can write the new u-boot to MMC, eMMC, SPI Flash or NAND (not fully supported) using DFU protocol.

Boot the board and stop at u-boot console.

Building image

Make sure to take a look at the official Armbian documentation here:

  • Clone repository
 # git clone
 Cloning into 'build'...
 remote: Counting objects: 32391, done.
 remote: Compressing objects: 100% (69/69), done.
 remote: Total 32391 (delta 60), reused 75 (delta 44), pack-reused 32278
 Receiving objects: 100% (32391/32391), 258.91 MiB | 959.00 KiB/s, done.
 Resolving deltas: 100% (21325/21325), done.
 Checking connectivity... done.
 Checking out files: 100% (2205/2205), done.

Soon (probably) there will be olimex fork with some customizations.

  • Run builder
 # cd build
 # ./compile

Building requires root access. System preparation can take long, depending on system, etc. After that you should see something like that:


Select Full OS Image for flashing. This will create output image for direct flashing on SD-card.


Select Do not change the kernel configuration. All needed configuration should be selected automatically. If you want some kernel modifications, select the other option.


Go to <Show CSC/WIP/ESO>. Currently A20-SOM204 is not officially supported by Armbian team. Instead the board is supported by Olimex team, which is under CSC section. So select that menu and confirm the action.

Armbian-4.png Armbian-5.png

Select olimex-som204-a20.


Select desired distribution. We recommend jessie for server build, and xenial for image with desktop environment.


Select if you want server or desktop.

After build the images and other packages will be in the output folder:

 # tree output
 ├── config
 ├── debs
 │   ├── armbian-config_5.41_all.deb
 │   ├── armbian-firmware_5.41_all.deb
 │   ├── armbian-firmware-full_5.41_all.deb
 │   ├── armbian-tools-jessie_5.41_armhf.deb
 │   ├── armbian-tools-xenial_5.41_armhf.deb
 │   ├── extra
 │   ├── jessie
 │   ├── linux-u-boot-dev-olimex-som204-a20_5.41_armhf.deb
 │   └── xenial
 │       └── linux-xenial-root-dev-olimex-som204-a20_5.41_armhf.deb
 ├── debug
 │   ├── logs-09_02_2018-13_53_10.tgz
 │   ├── logs-09_02_2018-15_08_20.tgz
 │   ├── logs-12_02_2018-10_58_50.tgz
 │   ├── logs-12_02_2018-11_01_35.tgz
 │   ├── logs-12_02_2018-11_11_51.tgz
 │   ├── logs-.tgz
 │   ├── output.log
 │   ├── patching.log
 │   └── timestamp
 ├── images
 │   ├── Armbian_5.41_Olimex-som204-a20_Debian_jessie_dev_4.15.0.img
 │   └── Armbian_5.41_Olimex-som204-a20_Ubuntu_xenial_dev_4.15.0_desktop.img
 └── patch

  • Flashing image

Put sdcard in the host PC. New device should appear, e.g. /dev/sdc. Flash the image using the following command:

 # dd if=Armbian_5.41_Olimex-som204-a20_Debian_jessie_dev_4.15.0.img of=/dev/sdx bs=10M

Replace /dev/sdx with your device. You must use /dev/sdx, not /dev/sdx1!