ESP32-EVB + RFID RDM6300 doesn't work. Possible voltage difference ?

Started by GeorgeFlorian, February 02, 2021, 03:13:12 pm

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GeorgeFlorian

Hello.

I am trying to implement an RFID RDM6300 to read 125KHz cards to an ESP32-EVB but I can't figure out why it doesn't work.

This is the reader:
https://www.optimusdigital.ro/ro/wireless-rfid/1500-cititor-de-carduri-rfid-rdm6300.html

This is the wiring:


This is the code:
const int BUFFER_SIZE = 14; // RFID DATA FRAME FORMAT: 1byte head (value: 2), 10byte data (2byte version + 8byte tag), 2byte checksum, 1byte tail (value: 3)
const int DATA_SIZE = 10; // 10byte data (2byte version + 8byte tag)
const int DATA_VERSION_SIZE = 2; // 2byte version (actual meaning of these two bytes may vary)
const int DATA_TAG_SIZE = 8; // 8byte tag
const int CHECKSUM_SIZE = 2; // 2byte checksum

uint8_t buffer[BUFFER_SIZE]; // used to store an incoming data frame
int buffer_index = 0;


long hexstr_to_value(char *str, unsigned int length) { // converts a hexadecimal value (encoded as ASCII string) to a numeric value
  char* copy = (char*)malloc((sizeof(char) * length) + 1);
  memcpy(copy, str, sizeof(char) * length);
  copy[length] = '\0';
  // the variable "copy" is a copy of the parameter "str". "copy" has an additional '\0' element to make sure that "str" is null-terminated.
  long value = strtol(copy, NULL, 16);  // strtol converts a null-terminated string to a long value
  free(copy); // clean up
  return value;
}

unsigned extract_tag() {
    uint8_t msg_head = buffer[0];
    uint8_t *msg_data = buffer + 1; // 10 byte => data contains 2byte version + 8byte tag
    uint8_t *msg_data_version = msg_data;
    uint8_t *msg_data_tag = msg_data + 2;
    uint8_t *msg_checksum = buffer + 11; // 2 byte
    uint8_t msg_tail = buffer[13];

    // print message that was sent from RDM630/RDM6300
    Serial.println("--------");

    Serial.print("Message-Head: ");
    Serial.println(msg_head);

    Serial.println("Message-Data (HEX): ");
    for (int i = 0; i < DATA_VERSION_SIZE; ++i) {
      Serial.print(char(msg_data_version[i]));
    }
    Serial.println(" (version)");
    for (int i = 0; i < DATA_TAG_SIZE; ++i) {
      Serial.print(char(msg_data_tag[i]));
    }
    Serial.println(" (tag)");

    Serial.print("Message-Checksum (HEX): ");
    for (int i = 0; i < CHECKSUM_SIZE; ++i) {
      Serial.print(char(msg_checksum[i]));
    }
    Serial.println("");

    Serial.print("Message-Tail: ");
    Serial.println(msg_tail);

    Serial.println("--");

    long tag = hexstr_to_value((char*)msg_data_tag, DATA_TAG_SIZE);
    Serial.print("Extracted Tag: ");
    Serial.println(tag);

    long checksum = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < DATA_SIZE; i+= CHECKSUM_SIZE) {
      long val = hexstr_to_value((char*)msg_data + i, CHECKSUM_SIZE);
      checksum ^= val;
    }
    Serial.print("Extracted Checksum (HEX): ");
    Serial.print(checksum, HEX);
    if (checksum == hexstr_to_value((char*)msg_checksum, CHECKSUM_SIZE)) { // compare calculated checksum to retrieved checksum
      Serial.print(" (OK)"); // calculated checksum corresponds to transmitted checksum!
    } else {
      Serial.print(" (NOT OK)"); // checksums do not match
    }

    Serial.println("");
    Serial.println("--------");

    return tag;
}

void setup() {
  delay(100);
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial1.begin(9600);
  delay(100);
}

void loop() {
  delay(2);
  if (Serial1.available() > 0){
    bool call_extract_tag = false;
   
    int ssvalue = Serial1.read(); // read
    if (ssvalue == -1) { // no data was read
      return;
    }

    if (ssvalue == 2) { // RDM630/RDM6300 found a tag => tag incoming
      buffer_index = 0;
    } else if (ssvalue == 3) { // tag has been fully transmitted     
      call_extract_tag = true; // extract tag at the end of the function call
    }

    if (buffer_index >= BUFFER_SIZE) { // checking for a buffer overflow (It's very unlikely that an buffer overflow comes up!)
      Serial.println("Error: Buffer overflow detected!");
      return;
    }
   
    buffer[buffer_index++] = ssvalue; // everything is alright => copy current value to buffer

    if (call_extract_tag == true) {
      if (buffer_index == BUFFER_SIZE) {
        unsigned tag = extract_tag();
      } else { // something is wrong... start again looking for preamble (value: 2)
        buffer_index = 0;
        return;
      }
    }   
  }   
}



I've used Serial1, which has RX1 - 36 and TX1 - 4, which can be fond in the UEXT connector.

What do you think ?

LubOlimex

Hmmm are you selecting ESP32-EVB from the board selector? If you selected other board the pins for serial1 might be different. Maybe try to re-bind these. Maybe try software serial instead.

Do you have simple USB-serial adapter cable that can be used to test the UART? Can you test simple UART bridge code with some simple USB-serial cable (instead of the RFID):

#define SERIAL Serial1

void setup()
{
Serial.begin (115200);
SERIAL.begin (115200);
}

void loop()
{
if (Serial.available ()>0)
SERIAL.print((char)Serial.read());
if (SERIAL.available ()>0)
Serial.print((char)SERIAL.read());
}
Technical support and documentation manager at Olimex

GeorgeFlorian

Quote from: LubOlimex on February 03, 2021, 09:49:32 amHmmm are you selecting ESP32-EVB from the board selector? If you selected other board the pins for serial1 might be different. Maybe try to re-bind these. Maybe try software serial instead.

Do you have simple USB-serial adapter cable that can be used to test the UART? Can you test simple UART bridge code with some simple USB-serial cable (instead of the RFID):

#define SERIAL Serial1

void setup()
{
Serial.begin (115200);
SERIAL.begin (115200);
}

void loop()
{
if (Serial.available ()>0)
SERIAL.print((char)Serial.read());
if (SERIAL.available ()>0)
Serial.print((char)SERIAL.read());
}

I fixed it.
The problem was the wiring. I "accidentally" linked the board's TX to the ESP's TX instead of the ESP's RX.

Now I only have to decode the signal that I'm receiving.