A20-lime2 with spi: SATA boot does not work

Started by alexware, September 14, 2022, 09:28:37 pm

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alexware

Hello,

I have a lime2 with SPI and also eMMC option. I have installed bullseye image. The board can boot correctly via SD card. Sata drive also works well after booting from SDcard. I can format, mount copy file over it.

However, when I try to boot from SATA disk, it does not work.

I have used the olinuxino-sd-to-sata script, it was successfully run, but during execution, there were some errors printed on screen.
Currently, I have not logged these, errors, I will create this log later.

After rebooting the box, with removal of the SD card the system has the following output:
U-Boot SPL 2021.04+olimex-1-20220706.140525 (Jul 06 2022 - 14:06:26 +0000)
DRAM: 1024 MiB
CPU: 912000000Hz, AXI/AHB/APB: 3/2/2
Loading configuration from EEPROM: OK
Verifying data: OK
Trying to boot from sunxi SPI


U-Boot 2021.04+olimex-1-20220706.140525 (Jul 06 2022 - 14:06:26 +0000) Allwinner Technology

CPU:   Allwinner A20 (SUN7I)
ID:    A20-OLinuXino-LIME2-e16Gs16M Rev.L
SN:    00016377
MAC:   30:1F:9A:D0:B4:46
I2C:   ready
DRAM:  1 GiB
SF: Detected w25q128 with page size 256 Bytes, erase size 4 KiB, total 16 MiB
MMC:   mmc@1c0f000: 0, mmc@1c11000: 1
Loading Environment from EXT4...
** Unable to use mmc 1:auto for loading the env **
Loading Environment from FAT... ** No device specified **
HDMI connected: Setting up a 1280x1024 hdmi console (overscan 0x0)
In:    serial
Out:   vga
Err:   vga
Allwinner mUSB OTG (Peripheral)
Net:   eth0: ethernet@1c50000, eth1: usb_ether
starting USB...
Bus usb@1c14000: USB EHCI 1.00
Bus usb@1c14400: USB OHCI 1.0
Bus usb@1c1c000: USB EHCI 1.00
Bus usb@1c1c400: USB OHCI 1.0
scanning bus usb@1c14000 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
scanning bus usb@1c14400 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
scanning bus usb@1c1c000 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
scanning bus usb@1c1c400 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 0 Storage Device(s) found
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  2  1  0
switch to partitions #0, OK
mmc1(part 0) is current device
** No partition table - mmc 1 **
Card did not respond to voltage select! : -110
scanning bus for devices...
Target spinup took 0 ms.
AHCI 0001.0100 32 slots 1 ports 3 Gbps 0x1 impl SATA mode
flags: ncq stag pm led clo only pmp pio slum part ccc apst
  Device 0: (0:0) Vendor: ATA Prod.: ST2000LM015-2E81 Rev: 0001
            Type: Hard Disk
            Capacity: 1907729.0 MB = 1863.0 GB (3907029168 x 512)
timeout exit!

Device 0: (0:0) Vendor: ATA Prod.: ST2000LM015-2E81 Rev: 0001
            Type: Hard Disk
            Capacity: 1907729.0 MB = 1863.0 GB (3907029168 x 512)
... is now current device
Scanning scsi 0:1...
fs_devread read outside partition 18446744071956398336
fs_devread read outside partition 18446744071956398336
fs_devread read outside partition 18446744071956398336
libfdt fdt_check_header(): FDT_ERR_BADMAGIC
78Card did not respond to voltage select! : -110
Scanning disk mmc@1c0f000.blk...

Seems having some timeout issue regarding SATA device somehow?
What should I try?

Alex

LubOlimex

I tested the script today and it seems to work fine here. The board boots from the disk and the log looks like this when booting from the disk:

U-Boot SPL 2021.04+olimex-1-20220706.140525 (Jul 06 2022 - 14:06:26 +0000)
DRAM: 1024 MiB
CPU: 912000000Hz, AXI/AHB/APB: 3/2/2
Loading configuration from EEPROM: OK
Verifying data: OK
Trying to boot from sunxi SPI


U-Boot 2021.04+olimex-1-20220706.140525 (Jul 06 2022 - 14:06:26 +0000) Allwinner Technology

CPU:  Allwinner A20 (SUN7I)
ID:    A20-OLinuXino-LIME2-e16Gs16M Rev.M
SN:    00023D84
MAC:  30:1F:9A:D1:21:3E
I2C:  ready
DRAM:  1 GiB
SF: Detected w25q128 with page size 256 Bytes, erase size 4 KiB, total 16 MiB
MMC:  mmc@1c0f000: 0, mmc@1c11000: 1
Loading Environment from EXT4... *** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

Loading Environment from FAT... ** No device specified **
In:    serial
Out:  serial
Err:  serial
Allwinner mUSB OTG (Peripheral)
Net:  eth0: ethernet@1c50000, eth1: usb_ether
starting USB...
Bus usb@1c14000: USB EHCI 1.00
Bus usb@1c14400: USB OHCI 1.0
Bus usb@1c1c000: USB EHCI 1.00
Bus usb@1c1c400: USB OHCI 1.0
scanning bus usb@1c14000 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
scanning bus usb@1c14400 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
scanning bus usb@1c1c000 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
scanning bus usb@1c1c400 for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
      scanning usb for storage devices... 0 Storage Device(s) found
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
switch to partitions #0, OK
mmc1(part 0) is current device
Scanning mmc 1:1...
Found U-Boot script /boot/boot.scr
2274 bytes read in 1 ms (2.2 MiB/s)
## Executing script at 43100000
Boot script loaded from mmc
Checking for /uEnv.txt...
Checking for /boot/uEnv.txt...
1156 bytes read in 1 ms (1.1 MiB/s)
Loaded environment from /boot/uEnv.txt
Loading FIT image...
16198671 bytes read in 884 ms (17.5 MiB/s)
## Loading kernel from FIT Image at 58000000 ...
  Using 'config-9604' configuration
  Trying 'kernel-1' kernel subimage
    Description:  Linux kernel 5.10.105-olimex
    Type:        Kernel Image
    Compression:  uncompressed
    Data Start:  0x580000d4
    Data Size:    6533608 Bytes = 6.2 MiB
    Architecture: ARM
    OS:          Linux
    Load Address: 0x40080000
    Entry Point:  0x40080000
    Hash algo:    crc32
    Hash value:  c18a6023
    Hash algo:    sha1
    Hash value:  be6859338be53bb6bfd1c9b90e869a44a9bd1389
  Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
## Loading ramdisk from FIT Image at 58000000 ...
  Using 'config-9604' configuration
  Trying 'ramdisk-1' ramdisk subimage
    Description:  Ramdisk for kernel 5.10.105-olimex
    Type:        RAMDisk Image
    Compression:  Unknown Compression
    Data Start:  0x5863b3f0
    Data Size:    9210261 Bytes = 8.8 MiB
    Architecture: ARM
    OS:          Linux
    Load Address: 0x4fe00000
    Entry Point:  0x4fe00000
    Hash algo:    crc32
    Hash value:  5445ff15
    Hash algo:    sha1
    Hash value:  32380cf8b088c1a59497f572f96371b4e61caa32
  Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
  Loading ramdisk from 0x5863b3f0 to 0x4fe00000
WARNING: 'compression' nodes for ramdisks are deprecated, please fix your .its file!
## Loading fdt from FIT Image at 58000000 ...
  Using 'config-9604' configuration
  Trying 'fdt-4' fdt subimage
    Description:  unavailable
    Type:        Flat Device Tree
    Compression:  uncompressed
    Data Start:  0x58f23b40
    Data Size:    43643 Bytes = 42.6 KiB
    Architecture: ARM
    Load Address: 0x4fa00000
    Hash algo:    crc32
    Hash value:  36a64574
    Hash algo:    sha1
    Hash value:  16c904b58520be6ecf47b5482c59376f4aba068f
  Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
  Loading fdt from 0x58f23b40 to 0x4fa00000
## Loading fdt from FIT Image at 58000000 ...
  Trying 'overlay-1' fdt subimage
    Description:  unavailable
    Type:        Flat Device Tree
    Compression:  uncompressed
    Data Start:  0x58f6f58c
    Data Size:    1001 Bytes = 1001 Bytes
    Architecture: ARM
    Load Address: 0x4fa10000
    Hash algo:    crc32
    Hash value:  d1d51f29
    Hash algo:    sha1
    Hash value:  fa0c14efb55dbe4bdf8aa7241a3e600b486e3ef6
  Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
  Loading fdt from 0x58f6f58c to 0x4fa10000
## Loading fdt from FIT Image at 58000000 ...
  Trying 'overlay-2' fdt subimage
    Description:  unavailable
    Type:        Flat Device Tree
    Compression:  uncompressed
    Data Start:  0x58f6fa58
    Data Size:    436 Bytes = 436 Bytes
    Architecture: ARM
    Load Address: 0x4fa20000
    Hash algo:    crc32
    Hash value:  00f3a93c
    Hash algo:    sha1
    Hash value:  efa518e1ffcc7c09a7d8010de6a7b363f1345b30
  Verifying Hash Integrity ... crc32+ sha1+ OK
  Loading fdt from 0x58f6fa58 to 0x4fa20000
  Booting using the fdt blob at 0x4fa00000
EHCI failed to shut down host controller.
  Loading Kernel Image
  Loading Ramdisk to 49737000, end 49fff995 ... OK
  Loading Device Tree to 49729000, end 49736c59 ... OK
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/spi1-spidev.dtbo'...
408 bytes read in 4 ms (99.6 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/spi2-spidev.dtbo'...
408 bytes read in 4 ms (99.6 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-i2c2.dtbo'...
726 bytes read in 4 ms (176.8 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-spi1.dtbo'...
1005 bytes read in 4 ms (245.1 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-spi2.dtbo'...
1005 bytes read in 3 ms (327.1 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-uart3.dtbo'...
863 bytes read in 3 ms (280.3 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-uart4.dtbo'...
867 bytes read in 3 ms (282.2 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-uart5.dtbo'...
867 bytes read in 3 ms (282.2 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-uart6.dtbo'...
867 bytes read in 3 ms (282.2 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-uart7.dtbo'...
867 bytes read in 3 ms (282.2 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-spi0.dtbo'...
1001 bytes read in 3 ms (325.2 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/sun7i-a20-can.dtbo'...
732 bytes read in 4 ms (178.7 KiB/s)
Applying overlay: '/usr/lib/olinuxino-overlays/sun7i-a20/lime2-lcd-olinuxino.dtbo'...
2225 bytes read in 3 ms (723.6 KiB/s)

Starting kernel ...

[    0.004186] /cpus/cpu@0 missing clock-frequency property
[    0.004235] /cpus/cpu@1 missing clock-frequency property
[    0.987739] sun4i-usb-phy 1c13400.phy: Couldn't request ID GPIO
Loading, please wait...
Starting version 247.3-7
Begin: Loading essential drivers ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-premount ... done.
Begin: Mounting root file system ... Begin: Running /scripts/local-top ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-premount ... done.
Begin: Will now check root file system ... fsck from util-linux 2.36.1
[/sbin/fsck.ext4 (1) -- /dev/mmcblk1p1] fsck.ext4 -a -C0 /dev/mmcblk1p1
/dev/mmcblk1p1: recovering journal
/dev/mmcblk1p1: clean, 136561/954720 files, 849194/3814400 blocks
done.
done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-bottom ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-bottom ... done.

Welcome to Debian GNU/Linux 11 (bullseye)!

[  OK  ] Created slice system-getty.slice.
[  OK  ] Created slice system-modprobe.slice.
[  OK  ] Created slice system-serial\x2dgetty.slice.
[  OK  ] Created slice User and Session Slice.
[  OK  ] Started Forward Password R...uests to Wall Directory Watch.
[  OK  ] Set up automount Arbitrary...s File System Automount Point.
[  OK  ] Reached target Remote File Systems.
[  OK  ] Reached target Slices.
[  OK  ] Reached target Swap.
[  OK  ] Listening on Syslog Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on fsck to fsckd communication Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on initctl Compatibility Named Pipe.
[  OK  ] Listening on Journal Audit Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on Journal Socket (/dev/log).
[  OK  ] Listening on Journal Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on udev Control Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on udev Kernel Socket.
        Mounting POSIX Message Queue File System...
        Mounting Kernel Debug File System...
        Mounting Kernel Trace File System...
        Starting Restore / save the current clock...
        Starting Set the console keyboard layout...
        Starting Create list of st...odes for the current kernel...
        Starting Load Kernel Module configfs...
        Starting Load Kernel Module drm...
        Starting Load Kernel Module fuse...
[  OK  ] Started Nameserver information manager.
[  OK  ] Reached target Network (Pre).
        Starting Journal Service...
        Starting Load Kernel Modules...
        Starting Remount Root and Kernel File Systems...
        Starting Coldplug All udev Devices...
[  OK  ] Mounted POSIX Message Queue File System.
[  OK  ] Mounted Kernel Debug File System.
[  OK  ] Mounted Kernel Trace File System.
[  OK  ] Finished Restore / save the current clock.
[  OK  ] Finished Create list of st... nodes for the current kernel.
[  OK  ] Finished Load Kernel Module configfs.
[  OK  ] Finished Load Kernel Module drm.
[  OK  ] Finished Load Kernel Module fuse.
[  OK  ] Finished Load Kernel Modules.
[  OK  ] Finished Remount Root and Kernel File Systems.
        Mounting FUSE Control File System...
        Mounting Kernel Configuration File System...
        Starting Load/Save Random Seed...
        Starting Apply Kernel Variables...
        Starting Create System Users...
[  OK  ] Mounted FUSE Control File System.
[  OK  ] Mounted Kernel Configuration File System.
[  OK  ] Finished Apply Kernel Variables.
[  OK  ] Finished Create System Users.
        Starting Create Static Device Nodes in /dev...
[  OK  ] Finished Set the console keyboard layout.
[  OK  ] Finished Create Static Device Nodes in /dev.
[  OK  ] Reached target Local File Systems (Pre).
[  OK  ] Reached target Local File Systems.
        Starting Set console font and keymap...
        Starting Tell Plymouth To Write Out Runtime Data...
        Starting Rule-based Manage...for Device Events and Files...
[  OK  ] Started Journal Service.
[  OK  ] Finished Set console font and keymap.
[  OK  ] Finished Tell Plymouth To Write Out Runtime Data.
        Starting Flush Journal to Persistent Storage...
[  OK  ] Finished Flush Journal to Persistent Storage.
        Starting Create Volatile Files and Directories...
[  OK  ] Finished Create Volatile Files and Directories.
        Starting Update UTMP about System Boot/Shutdown...
[  OK  ] Finished Update UTMP about System Boot/Shutdown.
[  OK  ] Started Rule-based Manager for Device Events and Files.
[  OK  ] Found device /dev/ttyGS0.
[  OK  ] Finished Load/Save Random Seed.
[  OK  ] Finished Coldplug All udev Devices.
        Starting Helper to synchronize boot up for ifupdown...
        Starting Show Plymouth Boot Screen...
[  OK  ] Finished Helper to synchronize boot up for ifupdown.
        Starting Raise network interfaces...
[  OK  ] Started Show Plymouth Boot Screen.
[  OK  ] Started Forward Password R...s to Plymouth Directory Watch.
[  OK  ] Reached target Local Encrypted Volumes.
[  OK  ] Reached target System Initialization.
[  OK  ] Started CUPS Scheduler.
[  OK  ] Started Daily apt download activities.
[  OK  ] Started Daily apt upgrade and clean activities.
[  OK  ] Started Periodic ext4 Onli...ata Check for All Filesystems.
[  OK  ] Started Discard unused blocks once a week.
[  OK  ] Started Daily rotation of log files.
[  OK  ] Started Daily man-db regeneration.
[  OK  ] Started Run system activit...ounting tool every 10 minutes.
[  OK  ] Started Generate summary o...esterday's process accounting.
[  OK  ] Started Daily Cleanup of Temporary Directories.
[  OK  ] Reached target Paths.
[  OK  ] Reached target Timers.
[  OK  ] Listening on Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack Activation Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on CUPS Scheduler.
[  OK  ] Listening on D-Bus System Message Bus Socket.
[  OK  ] Listening on PC/SC Smart Card Daemon Activation Socket.
[  OK  ] Reached target Sockets.
[  OK  ] Reached target Basic System.
        Starting Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack...
        Starting Bluetooth management mechanism...
[  OK  ] Started Regular background program processing daemon.
[  OK  ] Started D-Bus System Message Bus.
        Starting Network Manager...
        Starting Remove Stale Onli...t4 Metadata Check Snapshots...
        Starting Initialize hardware monitoring sensors...
        Starting LSB: Load kernel ...d to enable cpufreq scaling...
[  OK  ] Started Realtek H5 bluetooth support.
        Starting LCD-OLinuXino RTP calibrabion...
        Starting Authorization Manager...
        Starting System Logging Service...
        Starting Resets System Activity Logs...
[  13.575460] debugfs: Directory '1c22c00.codec' with parent 'sun4i-codec' already present!
        Starting User Login Management...
        Starting Disk Manager...
        Starting WPA supplicant...
[  OK  ] Started System Logging Service.
[  OK  ] Finished Resets System Activity Logs.
[  OK  ] Finished Initialize hardware monitoring sensors.
[  14.932940] lcd_olinuxino 2-0050: error reading from device at 00
[  OK  ] Finished LCD-OLinuXino RTP calibrabion.
[  OK  ] Finished Raise network interfaces.
[  OK  ] Started LSB: Load kernel m...ded to enable cpufreq scaling.
[  OK  ] Started Authorization Manager.
[  OK  ] Found device /dev/ttyS0.
[  OK  ] Started Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack.
[  OK  ] Started Network Manager.
[  OK  ] Started WPA supplicant.
[  OK  ] Finished Remove Stale Onli...ext4 Metadata Check Snapshots.
[  OK  ] Started User Login Management.
[  OK  ] Started Disk Manager.
[  OK  ] Started Bluetooth management mechanism.
[  OK  ] Created slice system-systemd\x2dbacklight.slice.
[  OK  ] Reached target Hardware activated USB gadget.
        Starting Modem Manager...
        Starting Network Manager Wait Online...
        Starting Save/Restore Sound Card State...
        Starting LSB: set CPUFreq kernel parameters...
[  OK  ] Started ifup for eth0.
[  OK  ] Reached target Network.
        Starting CUPS Scheduler...
        Starting OpenVPN service...
        Starting OpenBSD Secure Shell server...
        Starting Load/Save Screen ...ness of backlight:backlight...
        Starting Hostname Service...
        Starting Permit User Sessions...
[  OK  ] Started Unattended Upgrades Shutdown.
[  OK  ] Finished Save/Restore Sound Card State.
[  OK  ] Finished OpenVPN service.
[  OK  ] Finished Load/Save Screen ...htness of backlight:backlight.
[  OK  ] Finished Permit User Sessions.
[  OK  ] Started CUPS Scheduler.
[  OK  ] Reached target Sound Card.
[  OK  ] Started Make remote CUPS printers available locally.
        Starting Light Display Manager...
        Starting Hold until boot process finishes up...
[  OK  ] Started OpenBSD Secure Shell server.
[  OK  ] Started LSB: set CPUFreq kernel parameters.
[  OK  ] Started Hostname Service.
[  OK  ] Started Modem Manager.
[  OK  ] Listening on Load/Save RF ...itch Status /dev/rfkill Watch.
        Starting Network Manager Script Dispatcher Service...
        Starting LSB: Set sysfs variables from /etc/sysfs.conf...

Debian GNU/Linux 11 a20-olinuxino ttyS0

a20-olinuxino login:


This is what my setup and connections looks like:


Technical support and documentation manager at Olimex

LubOlimex

Try to re-run the script. Double-check the powering requirements - for more hard disks your power supply should be at least 2A capable at 5V (10W).
Technical support and documentation manager at Olimex

alexware

Thanks for checking.
After rerun of the script, it was working. But it still complain at the fdisk phase.

I was sligthly modified your script to skip the fdisk part, so I can use the disk also for data storage, without worrying at sd2sata run that the whole disk will be erased. I have now two partition, first for OS, second for data.

The disk was/is 2TB, with 2 partition at the beginning. The original install script wipes the partition table and format the disk, so initial partition table is does not count.

Not is works, well.

Thanks

PS. HDMI does not switch on after I plug the power supply in. Only after reset.
Or if I disconnect the disk power up in that way. however for me that is not important.

LubOlimex

I am not sure if HDMI is on by default, maybe try to play with "olinuxino-display" and "olinuxino-overlay" scripts.
Technical support and documentation manager at Olimex